Start studying africa. However, the largest increases can be seen in the northeast, east-central, and southwestern regions of Ghana. It is important to realize that while all of the boundaries are really rather subjective (since vegetation types tend to fade into one another on the broad scale) they are nevertheless useful. The essential role played by urban vegetation in making urban areas livable is often overlooked in many developing cities. The region stretches from the coastal plains on the Atlantic coast […] Ghana had 260,000 ha of planted forest. Ghana - Ghana - History: As elsewhere in Africa, the climate of Ghana varied during the Pleistocene Epoch (about 2,600,000 to 11,700 years ago). A vegetation type is not as easy to recognize as a biome. This area receives the least amount of rainfall in Ghana. Important trees in this area include baobab, dawadawa, and shea butter trees. To the East of Accra it is made up of grass, shrubs and few trees, Some Common Terms Associated with Drainage Systems, Weather Elements and Measuring Instruments. Conclusion The Upper East Region of Ghana is the worst degraded region. Ghana is the third largest producer of cacao in the world. On these maps, vegetation is pictured as a scale, or index, of greenness. To the West of Africa, the vegetation consists of dense shrub without grass. Ghana?s wildlife populations, depleted by habitat loss, are further threatened by poaching. The Northern Region is divided into 14 districts. Ghana is endowed with rich mineral resources. Greenness is based on several factors: the number and type of plants, how leafy they are, and how healthy they are. What is that vegetation? Digital Maps Online. Saline Water Swamp; This type of vegetation is limited to the coastal strip of Nigeria. Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Ghana lost an average of 125,400 ha or 1.68% per year. Forests are areas where there is ��� Some houses are built along the water in Accra, Ghana's largest city. The agriculture also has contributed to employment in Ghana. The most obvious land cover change in Ghana is the major increase in agricultural land in all regions of the country. 42. This is a database for vegetation data from West Africa, i.e. Closed broadleaved forests (NHC). In total, between 1990 and 2010, Ghana lost 33.7% of its forest cover, or around 2,508,000 ha. The number of lions in Ghana is low except for some which can be sighted in Mole National Park of Ghana. Diversity, an international, peer-reviewed Open Access journal. The biome can be seen as the broad landscape and looks at dominant life forms and not at species. The trees in this area are scattered and mainly found near river courses and the edge of the forest. View Images. Ghana is the third largest producer of cacao in the world. Ghana Forest Information and Data According to the U.N. FAO, 21.7% or about 4,940,000 ha of Ghana is forested, according to FAO. The most easterly region of Ghana, bordering on Togo, the Volta Region is an area of extraordinary scenic beauty. Ghana is a nature lover’s delight. Ghana had 260,000 ha of planted forest. Tropical rainforests have dense vegetation. This was a result of a severe drought that occurred between 1982 and 1984, during which the total inflow into the Akosombo Dam was less than 15 percent of the long term The rainy season lasts from May to September in the north, from April to October in the center, and from April to November in the south. There are three major savannahs in Nigeria. Copyright © 1994 - 2020 GhanaWeb. is drained by the Black and White Volta rivers, which join to form the Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Ecological zones in Ghana have are different and they are five of them. The major religions in Ghana include; Religious beliefs Christianity. Daytime temperatures are high throughout the year, approaching or surpassing 30°C (86°F) on most days, and humidity is also very high, especially along the coast. 1.1.1 Description of the vegetation types. In times of depressed cacao prices, Ghana has significantly increased exports of timber to generate needed revenue. In these areas, the fresh water from rivers meets with the salt water of the sea, forming the brackish swamp. Adobe Illustrator .AI EPS Vector files from our Netmaps database. Rainforest vegetation levels. This vegetation consists of Erica, Protea, Stoebe and many other shrub species, many of them are endemic , occurring only on one or several mountains. The capital and largest city of Ghana is Accra, which has an urban population of 2.27 million. Ghana's land mass is almost the same as the United Kingdom's (92,099 square miles/238,535 square kilometers), giving the country an overall population density of 313 people per square mile, or 121 people per square kilometer.. Largest Cities in Ghana. Shama-Ahanta East has the largest proportion of persons (19.2%) in the region. It covers an area less than two kilometers in width. Religious tolerance is very high in Ghana. African Bush Elephant. 4. With long, cold winters, short, cool summers, and low precipitation, the soils are thin or absent, and the vegetation is sparse. The district is a host to parts of the remaining biodiversity hotspots within It is a common word that had no basic reference to a significant geographical or botanical source, structure, spatial extent and life forms of any other dignified family and attributes. The vegetation in these areas consist of creeping plants, mangrove trees and grass. The vegetation in these areas consist of creeping plants, mangrove trees and grass. Ghana, in spite of the increase in generation capacity, experienced its first electricity crisis in 1984. There are three principal types of vegetation from south to north occurring in the coastal savanna, in the forest zone, and in the northern savanna zone. What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Ghana? This drier forest type grows between the northern savannahs and the wetter southwestern tropical evergreen forests. In the humid mid-latitudes, temperature is the largest factor influencing plant growth.” [See “Climate Change Responsible for Global Vegetation Change,” Climate News Network, April 7, 2013] Even higher up, between 3,000 and 4,000 metres, there's a heathland belt typical of the high mountains in East Africa. Vegetation is the species of plant coupled with the provided land cover. hills. Raffia for weaving baskets are common here. 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