Mangroves: A global treasure under threat. Indonesia has the largest area and the highest tree species richness but also one of the highest loss rates of mangroves worldwide. Mangrove Action Project. The National Coordinating Agency for Surveys and Mapping (2009) stated that the vegetated area of mangrove forests in Indonesia is around 3,244,018.46 ha. 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Pendleton, L. Donato, D.C., Murray, B.C. One of the main challenges is the limited capacity of the existing shrimp ponds and infrastructure to boost yields, the minister said. She cited the revitalization of Bumi Dipasena, one of Indonesia’s main sites for shrimp fisheries, spanning 17,000 ha (42,000 acres) in Sumatra’s Lampung province. This is 23 percent of all mangrove ecosystems in the world (Giri et al., 2011). Stopping mangrove deforestation in Indonesia could help slow climate change July 30, 2015 12.19am EDT Prodita Sabarini , The Conversation , Daniel Murdiyarso , Tien Wahyuni Ministry of Forestry Republic of Indonesia. {amount} donation plus {fee_amount} to help cover fees. They are densely packed, with intertwined roots extending from the tree trunks. “If the restoration program indeed takes place, then the shrimp fisheries in Dipasena would reach its optimum operation and could re-emerge as a top shrimp producer like it used be,” said Dedi Adhuri, a researcher at the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI). Evans, K. (2013). Could sustainable logging save Indonesia’s mangroves? Nature Geoscience, 4(5), 293-297. The Segara Anakan lagoon is a mangrove-fringed estuarine system in Java which is highly affected by deforestation, sedimentation, and land-use changes. This forest type is widely distributed in tropical and subtropical coastal areas. Global Environmental Change, 12(3), 203-217. Mangrove forests are found in many parts of Indonesia, with regionally important mangrove ecosystems located in Papua, Kalimantan and Sumatra (FAO, 2007). They are most easily identified by their elongated roots, jutting out of the water and holding themselves steady in the loose, muddy soil. from http://mangroveactionproject.org/endangered-species/. Mongabay is a U.S.-based non-profit conservation and environmental science news platform. Armitage, D. (2002). The northern province of Sumatra is particularly affected by deforestation. Our biweekly podcast delivering news & inspiration from nature’s frontline. Their roots filter out freshwater from … Intangible benefits of mangrove ecosystems include social and cultural functions. Indonesia is home to around 2.7 million hectares of mangrove forests. Aquaculture expansion was noted in Indonesia, Myanmar, Philippines, Cambodia, and Vietnam. Tweet. As well as being one of Indonesia’s biggest sources of greenhouse gas emissions, many other studies have found that the loss of forests worldwide is a significant contributor to global greenhouse emissions. 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