Hong Kong added 363,000 residents for a total of 7,072,000 in 2011. Old Hong Kong - Volume One. Using the most favoured nation clause that it had negotiated with Peking, the United Kingdom demanded the extension of Kowloon to counter the influence of France in southern China in June 1898. Hong Kong International Airport. excluding the Stonecutters Island) and the northern portion of the Kowloon City District (portion to the north of Boundary Street/Prince Edward Road West[citation needed], as well as reclaimed land including the Kai Tak Airport). Meanwhile, the life expectancy for men was recorded at 80 years. For the community in Houston, see, Wiltshire, Trea. 1843 – Hong Kong’s first governor, Sir Henry Pottinger is dispatched to take charge of the twenty or so villages on the island and conduct British trade. In July, it secured Weihaiwei in Shandong in the north as a base for operations against the Germans in Qingdao (Tsingtao) and the Russians in Port Arthur. Medical services are at a high standard. When the British forces formally took over Hong Kong in 1841, the population was 7,541. Upon the expiry of the lease, sovereignty was transferred to the People's Republic of China in 1997, together with the Qing-ceded territories of Hong Kong Island and Kowloon Peninsula. That said, a few of China's cities make the list of the top 30 most densely populated cities in the world, although most on the list are in India, the Philippines, France, and other countries. The peninsula's area is about 47 km 2 (18 sq mi). The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, age groups, age distribution, ethnic group, usual language). Hong Kong currently has one of the lowest birth rates in the world. It is estimated that by 2033, 26.8% of the population will be above 65 years, which is an increase of 12.1% from 2005. Chief Executive: Leung Chun-ying (2012) Land area: 382 sq mi (989 sq km); total area: 422 sq mi (1,092 sq km) Population (2014 est. There was a need to expand the colony to accommodate its growing population. Meanwhile, the population of Canada is ~35.6 million people (28.4 million fewer people live in Hong Kong). Hong Kong is an autonomous territory located in Southeast China, 37 miles east of Macau, made up of a mainland and many smaller islands in the South China Sea with a highly developed transportation network and densely populated buildings. It makes up 86.2% of Hong Kong's territory, and contains around half of the population of Hong Kong. But many expats find Hong Kong … [2] with a population density of 3,801 per square kilometer (9,845 per square mile).[3]. The languages used in Hong Kong include: Cantonese (official language) 88.9%, English (official language) 4.3%, Mandarin (official language) 1.9%, other Chinese dialects 3.1%, and other languages at 1.9% use among the population. However, the rate of the growth of population has been in decline over the years. In addition, calls for subsidizing medical and nursery services are being made to encourage more parents to have children in order to boost the population. Population size:~ 7 million. The expectation of life at birth was 81.2#years for males and 86.7#years for females, compared against the corresponding figures of 80.1 and 86.0 years in 2010. This article is about the region of Hong Kong. “In Hong Kong, we have a vibrant culture formed from ambitious individuals who’ve come from countries all around the world to learn and succeed. Hong Kong is famous for its skyline as well as its natural harbor. ", This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 06:45. [First published 1987] (republished & reduced2003). Hong Kong’s population is expected to reach 8.469 million by 2041, with 52100 births and 82,400 deaths predicted by The Census and Statistics Department. It is part of the New Territories. Hong Kong - Hong Kong - Settlement patterns: The predominantly urban settlements of Hong Kong are typically distributed linearly, following the irregular coastline and transportation routes. Location of Islands within Hong Kong. It had a population of 170,900 in 2018. The survey found that the new frontier at Sham Chun River (Shenzhen river) suggested by Wilsone Black was far from ideal. Despite this tightly packed area, it still has the second-highest life expectancy in the world and remains one of the few areas in Asia to receive a "very high Human Development Index" ranking. Hong Kong population. Hong Kong Island was ceded to Britain in 1842 and Kowloon south of Boundary Street and Stonecutters Island in 1860. For a country with this many people living there, Hong Kong is a surprisingly small country, only cover 427 square miles (1,110 square kilometers) of area, which ranks 183rd in terms of area. As of the year 2017, this rate is now estimated to be 1.19 children born per woman. British forces formally took over Hong Kong in 1841, UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision). Page 75. Fertility rate in Hong Kong is remaining at a low level. Few people live on the southern part of Lamma. Hong Kong Population 2019 – 7.43064 Million (estimated) DEMOGRAPHY OF HONG KONG: ): 7,112,688 (growth rate: 0.41%); birth rate: 9.38/1000; infant mortality rate: 2.73/1000; life … This means that over the past fifty years, Hong Kong has transitioned from a high growth phase to a low growth phase. Fearing for their traditional land rights, in the Six-Day War of 1899, a number of clans attempted to resist the British, mobilising clan militias[5] that had been organised and armed to protect against longshore raids by pirates. This article is about the demographic features of the population of Hong Kong, including population density, ethnicity, education leve, the health of the populace, religious affiliations, and other aspects of the population. Because Hong Kong is a territory of China, the largest cities within Hong Kong are technically the same as the largest cities in China. To this effect, there have been calls for increasing the government’s system of providing free education to children up to the age of 9, to the age of 15, in order to reduce the financial burden on the parents. The New Territories comprises two geographical constituencies in the Legislative Council, with nine districts each with their own District Council: According to the 2011 census, the population of the New Territories was 3,691,093, representing 52.2% of Hong Kong's total population. Most of Hong Kong’s population is Chinese; either from the surrounding provinces or from families who came to Hong Kong after the Communists took over China in 1949. Hong Kong Island . Hence, the population of Hong Kong in 2019 is expected to be 7.3992 Million + 0.03144 Million = 7.43064 Million. The new Hong Kong Governor Henry Blake arrived in November 1898. New Kowloon covers the entirety of the Wong Tai Sin and Kwun Tong districts, as well as the mainland portion of the Sham Shui Po District (i.e. A little like Manhattan, Hong Kong's north shore is the financial and entertainment hub of Hong Kong. Source: Wikipedia, 2020. The principal urban areas are established on Hong Kong Island and the Kowloon Peninsula, where roughly half of the total population lives. Ethnic groups:Chinese 95%; other 5%. [2] 88.4% of the residents of New Territories use Cantonese as their main language. km in the eastern Pearl River Delta of the South China Sea. It also possesses one of the lowest fertility rates in the world at 1.11 children per woman, with 1,032 babies born to every 1,000 fertile women in 2009. Alarmed by the encroachment of other European powers in China, Britain also feared for the security of Hong Kong. Lockhart suggested moving the frontier to the line of hills north of Shenzhen. Language:Chinese and English are the official languages. Map of Hong Kong. In addition, financial stability is a major factor for long life expectancies there as this allows a person to remain calm instead of stressing out, which can take years off of a person’s life. Victoria City and Victoria Harbour were vulnerable to any hostile forces launching attacks from the hills of Kowloon. It was settled in March 1899 that the boundary remain at the Sham Chun River. Christians account for 11% of the population, most of whom are Protestant. The New Territories is one of the three main regions of Hong Kong, alongside Hong Kong Island and the Kowloon Peninsula.It makes up 86.2% of Hong Kong's territory, and contains around half of the population of Hong Kong. The government has been taking steps toward encouraging people to have bigger families. Attempts at modernising the area did not become fully committed until the late 1970s, when many new towns were built to accommodate the population growth from urbanised areas of Kowloon and Hong Kong Island. This figure fell to 500,000 in 1945, following the Battle of Hong Kong. Hong Kong is about 110 times smaller than New York.. 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