War pensions and allowances (for both World Wars) were increased by an Act of 1946 which gave the wounded man with an allowance for his wife and children if he married after he had been wounded, thereby removing a grievance of more than twenty years standing. His father was a solicitor. Entitlement to sick leave was greatly extended, and sick pay schemes were introduced for local authority administrative, professional and technical workers in 1946 and for various categories of manual workers in 1948. "[80] while the Pottery (Health and Welfare) Special Regulations of 1950 made provision for the health and safety of workers employed in factories "in which there is carried on the manufacture or decoration of pottery or certain allied manufactures or processes. [27], In the field of health care, funds were allocated to modernisation and extension schemes aimed at improving administrative efficiency. Ralph Miliband, Parliamentary socialism: A study in the politics of labour. Nevertheless Attlee, like Churchill, was a staunch monarchist. Indeed, the Attlee government’s true sign of greatness is that rather than succumbing to adverse circumstances, it capitalised on them. Within eighteen months Attlee’s Cabinet had done more than any previous twentieth-century government to improve the lot of ordinary working people. Attlee’s government was a key architect of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) of 1949. In this period he became Britain’s first ever Deputy Prime Minister in 1942 and then also held the positions of Dominions Secretary and the Lord President of the Council. Various other pieces of legislation provided for child benefit and support for people with no other source of income. [46] Under the National Assistance Act of 1948, local authorities had a duty "to provide emergency temporary accommodation for families which become homeless through no fault of their own. Some historians such as Ralph Miliband expressed disappointment that the consensus was a modest or even conservative package that blocked a fully socialized society. [52] The Criminal Justice Act of 1948 restricted imprisonment for juveniles and brought improvements to the probation and remand centre systems, while the passage of the Justices of the Peace Act of 1949 led to extensive reforms of magistrates courts. Material 130gsm silk (FSC certified) SIZE A3 Michael Jago, Clement Attlee: The Inevitable Prime Minister, Biteback, 2014, 400 pages, £25. It gave independence to India, Pakistan, Ceylon and Burma and moved to strengthen the British Commonwealth. He served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1945 to 1951 and the leader of the Labour Party from 1935 to 1955. Under his leadership and despite these problems the Labour administration … [73][74] In 1948, a pension scheme was set up to provide pension benefits for employees of the new NHS, as well as their dependents. The Labour Party came to power in the United Kingdom after its unexpected victory in the July 1945 general election. [57], Comprehensive Development Areas (CDAs), a designation under the Town and Country Planning Act of 1947, allowed local authorities to acquire property in the designated areas using powers of compulsory purchase in order to re-plan and develop urban areas suffering from urban blight or war damage. In 1950 he readily accepted the need for Allied entry in the Korean War and for a new rearmament program. Gilbert Walker, "The Transport Act 1947". Although the Attlee Government failed to meet its targets, primarily due to economic … As Deputy Prime Minister during Churchill's wartime coalition and Prime Minister during Labour's creation of the welfare state from 1945 to 1951, Clement Attlee was near to the heart of decision-making during the critical decade of the century. The Great Depression did not return, and full employment was created. Labour was to remain out of office for the next thirteen years, until 1964, when Harold Wilson became Prime Minister. Major legislation enacted during the Attlee governments. India was certainly entitled to independence, and I don't know if it could have been achieved with less violence. He served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1945 to 1951 and the leader of the Labour Party from 1935 to 1955. Quote Of The Day | Top 100 Quotes, See the events in life of Clement Attlee in Chronological Order. Also Known As: Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee, KG, OM, CH, PC, FRS, Quotes By Clement Attlee After a landslide election victory in 1945, the administration led by Clement Attlee presided over a series of far-reaching changes, including the introduction of the Welfare State. Clement Richard Attlee is a syndicalist politician of the Union of Britain, being a member of the Federationists party. "[82], Various law reforms were also carried out by Attlee's government. Called 'a sheep in sheep's clothing', his reputation has long been that of an unassuming character in the shadow of Churchill. [10], Attlee's Health Minister, Aneurin Bevan, fought hard against the general disapproval of the medical establishment, including the British Medical Association, by creating the National Health Service (NHS) in 1948. The war had cost Britain about a quarter of its national wealth. But self-evidently it was not an unalloyed triumph. Clement attlee, was born on January 3, 1883, in London, into a middle-class family. Among the most important pieces of legislation was the National Insurance Act 1946, in which people in work paid a flat rate of national insurance. "Under the terms of the Blasting (Castings and Other Articles) Special Regulations (1949) "no sand or other substance containing free silica is to be employed in any blasting process," while the Foundries (Parting Materials) Special Regulations (1950) prohibited the use of certain parting powders "which give rise to a substantial risk of silicosis. However, there was no money for investment to modernise these industries, and there was no effort made to turn control over to union members. Living conditions were poor; instead of expansion, the country's task was to replace the national wealth destroyed or used up during the war. Altogether, these policies provided public-sector housing with its biggest ever boost up until that point, while low-wage earners particularly benefited from these developments. In 1979 newly elected Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher rejected and reversed it. It could no longer afford to support the Greek government and encouraged the U.S. to take its place through the Truman Doctrine in 1947. [24] A housing bill passed in 1946 increased Treasury subsidies for the construction of local authority housing in England and Wales. Overseas investments had been used up to pay for the war. The National Assistance Act 1948 provided a safety net for anyone not otherwise covered. In 1927, he became one of the members of the Simon Commission but found no ministerial post in the Second Labour Government. Every P.M. since 1951 is left trailing in his shadow, John Bew has produced a classic with this one. A Constant Attendance Allowance was tripled, an Unemployability Allowance was tripled from 10s to 30s a week, and a special hardship allowance of up to £1 a week was introduced. 'Home help' therefore included the provision of home-helps for nursing and expectant mothers and for mothers with children under the age of five, and by 1952 some 20,000 women were engaged in this service. Ihm reichte es nicht, gute Werke für die … "Consensus in the Postwar Period After 1945," in David Loades, ed., Learn how and when to remove this template message, Political history of the United Kingdom (1945–present), Iron and Steel Corporation of Great Britain, Secretary of State for the Home Department, Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department, Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty, Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Aircraft Production, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Civil Aviation, Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies, Minister of State for Commonwealth Relations, Under-Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations, Under-Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Education, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Food, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Fuel and Power, Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Health, Under-Secretary of State for India and Burma, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Labour, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of National Insurance, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Pensions, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Supply, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Town and Country Planning, Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Transport, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Works, Law Reform (Contributory Negligence) Act 1945, Housing (Financial and Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1946, National Insurance (Industrial Injuries) Act 1946, Education (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1948, Nurseries and Child-Minders Regulation Act 1948, House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949, Landlord and Tenant (Rent Control) Act 1949, National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949, Workmen's Compensation (Supplementation) Act 1951, List of nationalizations by country#United Kingdom, "British public opinion on National Health Service reform", "HC S Budget Resolution and Economic Situation", "Who, What, Why: Why do the rich get child benefit? 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