The Sechura desert in the north is warmer and less impacted by the cloud cover that characterizes the more southern parts of the coastal desert, but there is a uniformity in precipitation along the 1,000 mile coastline with less than 30 millimetres (1.2 in) annually. In especially impactful years, as occurred in 1982-1983, 1997-1998, and 2015-2017,[28] El Nino causes heavy rainfall in coastal northern Peru in what is a desert that rarely receives any rain at all. Chachapoyas has a significant amount of rainfall during the year. Because Peru has such a diverse geography the climate can be varied per region. The cold water, especially in the Austral winter from May to November, cause an inversion, the air near the ocean surface being cooler than the air above, contrary to most climatic situations. If it's warm on the coast it can be very cold in the mountains and you can find completely different weather in the jungle. A - The Coast (La Costa) * General Coastal Peru Climate: Weather semiwarm and very dry or desert with very little rainfall, about 150 mm (5.9 inches) per year. With 4.4in over 16 days, you will experience some showers throughout your trip. Beginning at latitude 8.64° S and continuing southward are many snow-capped and glaciated peaks more that 5,000 metres (16,000 ft) in elevation. [21] Puno experiences freezing temperatures an average of 226 days annually with freezes occurring in every month. Floods and landslides (huaycos) are the consequence; the warm water negatively impacts fishing; and the southern Andes of Peru suffer reduced precipitation. Average temperature… Wind: 7 mph. Monthly averages Peru Longitude: -73.55, Latitude: 44.58 Average weather Peru, NY - 12972. [15], The chain of mountains called the Andes, comprising 34 percent of the national territory, runs the length of Peru, a narrow 80 kilometres (50 mi) wide at the Ecuadorian border in the north and 350 kilometres (220 mi) wide in the south along the border with Bolivia. Although Peru's seaboard is situated well within the tropical zone, it does not display an equatorial climate; average temperatures range from 21° C (70° F ) in January to 10° C (50° F ) in June at Lima, on the coast. Compensating for the lack of a freeze-free growing season at elevations above 3,000 metres (9,800 ft), indigenous farmers up until the 21st century have sought out micro-climates and used techniques such as Andenes (terraces) and Waru Waru (raised beds) to capture and store heat and permit hardy crops such as potatoes to grow up to 4,050 metres (13,290 ft) in elevation. Precipitation: 0.00". The following table summarizes climatic statistics for cities in the Andes mountain region. In january, the mean temperature in Arequipa is 61°F (maximum temperature is 65°F and minimum temperature is 58°F). Below are average maximum temperatures at popular destinations in Peru for next month - December. The country has 28 of the world’s 32 climates. Three names are sometimes applied to the desert in different parts of the coastline. [30] Average annual temperatures rose by 1 °C (1.8 °F) from 1960 until 2016 and are predicted to increase by an additional 2 °C (3.6 °F) to 3 °C (5.4 °F) by 2065. )[11], As elevation increases moving inland from Lima and other coastal locations, so also does precipitation. In the tropics the average annual temperature is usually at least 25 °C (77 °F) with little temperature variation among months. Peruvian Instituto Geografico Militar 1:100, 000 map series published in Lima, various dates from 1950's to present, Sheets 18-h, 19-h, 19-i, 20-i, 21-j, 27-q, 28-t, 28-u, 30-y, 31-q, 32-q, 32-s and 33-s cover the 6000m peaks of Peru. All Year January February March April May June July August September October November December. Climate of Peru describes the diverse climates of this large South American country with an area of 1,285,216 km2 (496,225 sq mi). On the coast winter lasts from June to September. The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.9 months, from July 16 to November 12, with an average temperature below 64°F. Lima has dry periods in January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, … The day of the year with the warmest water is February 22, with an average temperature of 71°F. Average Weather in Cusco Peru. At Cuzco, in the sierra, the range is only from 12° C (54° F ) to 9° C (48° F ), while at Iquitos, in the Amazon region, the temperature averages about 32° C (90° F ) all year round. Humidity: 82%. This involves the coast from sea level to 2,000 meters (6,600 feet) and is characteristically barren. [12], Apart from the irrigated agriculture in 57 river valleys coming down from the Andes and passing through the desert en route to the ocean,[13] the coastal desert is almost without vegetation. Southward is the Peruvian coastal desert which becomes at an indefinite location the Atacama Desert which continues into Chile. The driest months are in the Austral winter of June through August. Despite being in the tropics, daytime temperatures may be as low as 18 °C in winter (June - September) on a chilly day and 29 °C at a hot day during the summer (January - April); in other words, never very cold nor very hot. Llamas and alpacas are grazed on the sparse vegetation of the Puna zone up to elevations of 4,770 metres (15,650 ft). Climate - Cusco (Peru) Average weather, temperature, rainfall, sunshine hours. [4], The dividing line between the Amazon and Andean climates is uncertain, but depends mostly on elevation. Three names are sometimes applied to the desert in different parts of the coastline. The common precipitation regime of the Andes is a rainy Austral summer season from October to April and a dry Austral winter from May to September. The Andes, with elevations almost entirely above 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) and mostly above 3,000 metres (9,800 ft), rise above the desert to the west and the tropical rain forest to the east. Extreme weather events, including drought and flood, are anticipated to become more frequent. [16] The mountain climates are cool, often cold, with varied precipitation depending upon exposure. The climate is fairly cold in this city in january, but it is livable by dressing hot. The temperatures are highest on average in February, at around 23.0 °C | 73.4 °F. Weather Today Weather Hourly 14 Day Forecast Yesterday/Past Weather Climate (Averages) Currently: 48 °F. High heat, high humidity and high rainfall rule year round. During the month of April, May, June, October, November and December you are most likely to experience good weather with pleasant average temperatures that fall between 20 degrees Celsius (68°F) and 25 degrees Celsius (77°F). Peru can roughly be divided into three … Winter … This page includes a chart with historical data for Peru Average Temperature. Usually the weather in Peru in the winter quite comfortable. Climate and Average Weather in Peru. Dew Point: 61 °F. [25], The Amazon rainforest region comprises about 56 percent of the total area of Peru and is characterized, as is the coast, by its climatic uniformity: hot average temperatures with little variation among the seasons and abundant precipitation. "[14] Peru has more than 40 lomas totalling in area less than 2,000 square kilometres (770 sq mi) out of a total coastal desert area of 144,000 square kilometres (56,000 sq mi). Lima, Peru - Travel and vacation weather averages, current conditions and forecasts. In Oxapampa, Cfb under the Köppen classication, temperatures rarely fall below 11 °C (52 °F) or rise above 26 °C (79 °F) and precipitation is abundant year-round. Peru, country in western South America. This climate corresponds to the Andean area between the 4,000 and 5,000 meters above sea level (12,121 and 15,151 feet). In Summer there is very little mist and the temperature reaches 30 °C. Heavy rain between December and April, particularly on higher ground. While there are locations that fit into all three of the Köppen tropical types of climate, Af, Am, and Aw, the differences among the three climates in Peru are small. The eastern lowlands make up 60% of Peru. - 32ºF. February sees persistent precipitation in Machu Picchu, Peru, as 20 rainy days register 142.2mm (5.6") of rainfall.The atmosphere is humid, and the sunshine is intense whenever there is a break in the cloud cover. In a few favored locations, where mountains come close to the sea and the fog condenses on the mountain slopes, the garúa permits vegetation to thrive in "fog oases," called lomas in Peru. The warm phase, El Niño, occurs every two to seven years. Precipitation here is about 811 mm | 31.9 inch per year. Direct access to our calendar releases and historical data. The Sechura desert in the north is warmer and less impacted by the cloud cover tha… Peru has a great diversity of climates, ways of life, and economic activities. Accelerated glacial melt and the eventual disappearance of glaciers will severely impact the quantity of water available in the coastal and mountain regions. The Sechura Desert is in northern Peru. average temperature lima, peru & climate Lima, peru, has a rather peculiar climate. The consequence of increased glacial melt is floods during the wet season and less water in rivers during the dry season. Many areas of Peru depend upon glacial melt for water for consumption, irrigation, and industry. The city of Puno at that elevation has snow 14 days per year on average and it has snowed in every month of the year except November. Heavy rain between December and April, particularly on higher ground. [1664123] Climate is the statistics of weather, usually over a 30-year interval. Peru is located entirely in the tropics but features desert and mountain climates as well as tropical rain forests. Learn more about the country, including its history, geography, and culture. Climate in Peru in february Climate in Lima in february. They have an equatorial climate which allows a large section of the Amazon Rainforest to thrive. Peru is home to 71 percent of the world's tropical glaciers and since 1970 glacial volume has decreased by 40 percent. Peru Weather, climate and geography Weather and climate Best time to visit. The coastal desert of Peru extends unbroken from near the northern border with Ecuador to the southern border with Chile, a north to south distance of 1,600 kilometres (990 mi). * Northern Coastal Peru Climate: Very dry warm climate on the northern coast (Piura and Tumbes) and up to about 1,000 meters (3,300 feet.) In Summer there is very little mist and the temperature reaches 30 °C. With a mixture of desert, high mountains, jungle, and everything in between, there will be a climate tailored especially for you. From Tacna to Piura: warm temperate climate, moderate but with high humidity and thick mist in Winter. Mean Temp: 68 °F. The climate in Chachapoyas is warm and temperate. [7], The moisturizing impact of the fog is increased by the high average humidity of the coastal deserts. The Trading Economics Application Programming Interface (API) provides direct access to our data. The average temperature is 20, 19 and 18 °C (68-64 °F) in June, July and September respectively. The true tropical rainforest (Af) climate requires at least 60 millimetres (2.4 in) precipitation in all months of the year. In Cusco, the wet season is overcast, the dry season is partly cloudy, and it is cool year round. Temperature in Peru averaged 19.94 celsius from 1855 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 22.72 celsius in February of 1998 and a record low of 17.32 celsius in June of 1893. [17][18], A general rule for mountainous areas is that temperature decreases by about 6.5 °C (11.7 °F) for each 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) increase in elevation provided that the change in altitude takes place at the same latitude and other factors such as precipitation and cloud cover are similar. By contrast most of the Peruvian coastal desert has average annual temperatures of less than 20 °C (68 °F) and with temperatures falling to or near 10 °C (50 °F) during the Austral winter. But this is reasonably and it is only of temporary showers. The average high sits around 32°C, and the average low around 22°C, year round. The lowest monthly average temperature in Peru for January is 26 degrees The most monthly precipitation in Peru occurs in August with 10.2 inches The air quality index in Peru is 26% better than the national average This is true even for the driest month. The desert strip along the Pacific is narrow, at its widest about 120 km (75 mi) before the land climbs into the Andes and precipitation increases with elevation. The average temperature in Chachapoyas is 15.6 °C | 60.1 °F. Except for the Lake Titicaca basin in the southeast, its borders lie in sparsely populated zones. Average temperature… [19] The temperature decline with increasing elevation is less than the average on the Pacific coast side of the Andes because of the unusually low temperature of the fog-bound coast. The Climate in the Peruvian Highlands. Lima Weather by month // weather averages The capital is Lima. In the austral summer from December to April, the weather is mostly sunny. Trading Economics members can view, download and compare data from nearly 200 countries, including more than 20 million economic indicators, exchange rates, government bond yields, stock indexes and commodity prices. Snowy climate: (gelid) Average temperature is 0ºC. Ocean temperatures on the coast of Peru increase by as much as 3 °C (5 °F) during the Austral summer, beginning about Christmas, the name El Niño referring to the birth of Jesus. The following table summarizes climatic statistics for cities and towns in the Amazon rainforest region. 1855-2015 Data | 2019-2020 Forecast | Historical | Chart. Be prepared with the most accurate 10-day forecast for Peru, NE with highs, lows, chance of precipitation from The Weather Channel and Weather.com El Niño brings warmer and sunnier weather to the coasts of Peru than normal. From Piura to Tumbes: warm and very dry. In february, the mean temperature in Lima is 79°F (maximum temperature is 81°F and minimum temperature is 76°F). or less. Lima average temperature. For example, Lima has an average humidity of 84 percent, more than double the average humidity of most deserts. Frigid climate: (tundra) Average temperature is 6ºC. Select a destination to see the climate guide for all months of … Peru has over 1,800 species of birds (120 endemic), and 500 … The steep slopes and the sharp changes in elevation result in a large number of microclimates in which a change of location of a few kilometres can result in major climatic changes. With barely 0.5in over 3 days, it rains very little during your stay. [29], Climatic statistics cited in this article are for the period 1982-2012 and may become inaccurate in the future because of climate change and global warming. Because of its varied geography and climate, Peru has a high biodiversity with 21,462 species of plants and animals reported as of 2003, 5,855 of them endemic, and is one of the megadiverse countries. Thirty-seven mountain peaks in Peru rise to more than 6,000 metres (20,000 ft) in elevation. In the north (see El Alto), the daily average temperature ranges from 18 °C (64 °F) in the coldest month (August) to 24 °C (75 °F) in the warmest month (February); in the center (see Lima and Trujillo), it ranges from 17 °C to 23 °C (63 to 73 °F); while in the south, near the border with Chile (see Ilo), it ranges from 15 °C to 22 °C (59 to 72 °F). During the Austral winter, the trade winds blow thick stratus clouds inland over coastal areas up to an elevation of 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) and the dense fog coalesces into drizzle and mist. In Cusco (or Cuzco), the ancient capital of the Inca Empire, located at 3,300 meters (10,800 ft) above sea level in the Andes, the climate is temperate, spring-like during the day all year round, but with cold nights in winter, from May to August, when the minimum temperatures are near freezing (0 °C or 32 °F); on the contrary, in summer, … Matucana, 80 km (50 mi) inland at an elevation of 2,464 m (8,084 ft) gets 479 mm (18.9 in) of precipitation. From Tacna to Piura: warm temperate climate, moderate but with high humidity and thick mist in Winter. Peru - Climate data - Climate information and average monthly temperature, humidity, rainfall, snowfall, daylight, sunshine, UV index, and sea temperature for all cities and towns. Monthly: 1981-2010 normals History: 2007-2019 [27], El Niño (the "boy child") and La Niña (the "girl child") are the manifestations of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation which influences weather around the world, but especially near the coasts of northern Peru and southern Ecuador. [20] Snow is common at elevations of more than 3,800 metres (12,500 ft). Peru Inflation Rate at 17-Month High of 2.14%, Peruvian Sol Hits Record Low as Interim President Merino Resigns, Peru Economic Activity Shrinks Less than Expected in September, Baltic Dry Index Drops for 2nd Day to 3-Week Low, US Q3 Nonfarm Labor Costs Fall Less than Anticipated, US Labor Productivity Rises Less than Initially Thought, Russian Ruble Appreciates to 4-Month High, Brazilian Real Hovers Around 6-Month High, US Small Business Optimism Deteriorates in November. The weather in Peru varies according to area – the changes in altitude are so extreme that the climate goes from freezing snow in the mountains to boiling sun on the coast. The coastal desert of Peru extends unbroken from near the northern border with Ecuador to the southern border with Chile, a north to south distance of 1,600 kilometres (990 mi). The Andes Mountains, the cold Humboldt Current, and the 1,500-mile arid dessert coastline each do their part in creating the multifaceted weather that the country enjoys. The average temperatures remain in the 12.8°C (55°F) to … Ocean water temperatures in Lima in September, the coldest month, are as low as 14.4 °C (57.9 °F) similar to water temperatures near Los Angeles during its winter months. Station Data. All Year Climate & Weather Averages in Lima. High Temp: 81 °F. Pucallpa (Am) has only one month that falls below that threshold; Puerto Esperanza (Aw) has three months below the Af threshold. Download historical data for 20 million indicators using your browser. The desert coast of Peru has 52 percent of Peru's population on 12 percent of its land area[32] and is especially vulnerable to fluctuations in its water supply, nearly all of which comes from rivers originating in the Andes. A few locations at elevations similar to Oxapampa have a pronounced dry season and are classified as Cwb (sub-tropical with a dry winter), rather than Cfb.[26][4]. In the Cordillera Blanca, for example, glacial melt provides 80 percent of water in the rivers during the dry season and 4-8 percent during the rainy season. Sea level is projected to rise by 50 centimetres (20 in) by 2100. [5][6], The cold waters of the Humboldt Current also create a moist fog called garúa in Peru. Peru's Andean highlands encompass major attractions, such as Cusco, Arequipa and Lake Titicaca. From Piura to Tumbes: warm and very dry. [8] As a result of the fog, Lima gets only 1230 hours of sunshine annually, and less that 50 hours each in the months of July, Aug, and Sept.[9] (By contrast, Seattle, Washington, not noted for its sunny weather, gets 2,170 hours of sunshine annually[10] and "foggy London town" gets 1,618 hours of sunshine annually. sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFHudson (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFClimate_Change_Risk_Profile (, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=82648&cityname=Lima-Lima-Peru&units=metric, http://botany.si.edu/projects/cpd/sa/sa43.htm, http://botany.si.edu/projects/cpd/sa/sa42.htm, "Best time to visit, weather and climate Puno", "A snow climatology of the Andes Mountains from MODIS snow cover date", "An introduction to the Bofedales of the Peruvian High Andes", "The Nomalous 2017 El Nino event in Peru", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Climate_of_Peru&oldid=992860213, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 14:14. Chosica, 50 kilometres (31 mi) inland from the Pacific at an elevation of 835 metres (2,740 ft) gets 109 millimetres (4.3 in) annually of precipitation compared to Lima's precipitation of 16 millimetres (0.63 in). [31], The most immediately visible problem of climatic change in Peru is the melting of glaciers in the Andes. You can find almost every climate that exists somewhere in Peru. The climate good in this city in this month. [33], sfn error: no target: CITEREF"Peru_Climate" (, Rundel, P. W., Dillion, M.O., Palma, B., Mooney, H.A., Gulmon, S. L., and Ehleringer, J. R., "The Phytogeography and Ecology of the Coastal Atacama and Peruvian Deserts," In, Pozorski, Shelia and Pozorski, Thomas, (2006a), Dillon, Michael O., "The Solanaceae of the Lomas Formations of Coastal Peru and Chile," www.sacha.org/solanaceae/lomas_solanaceae.pdf, accessed 17 Jul 2017, "South America, Site SA42, Lomas Formations, Peru". There are three main climatic regions: the Pacific Ocean coast is one of the driest deserts in the world but with some unique features; the high Andes mountains have a variety of microclimates depending on elevation and exposure and with temperatures and precipitation from temperate to polar and wet to dry; and the Amazon Basin has tropical climates, mostly with abundant precipitation, along with sub-tropical climates in elevations above 1,550 metres (5,090 ft). The day of the year with the coolest water is September 21, with an average temperature of … [3][4] The relatively low temperatures of the Peruvian coastal desert are caused by the cold Humboldt Current. Temperatures become cooler with elevation and around 1,550 metres (5,090 ft) elevation the climate becomes sub-tropical rather than tropical, a climate often characterized as "eternal spring." In summer there is an average temperature of 25 ° Celsius (77° Fahrenheit). On the coast of Peru in June-August is pretty cool, there is no pronounced temperature fluctuations. [22] The permanent snow line is at about 5,000 metres (16,000 ft).[23]. [1], The following table summarizes climatic statistics for cities in the north, central, and southern parts of the coastal desert, A characteristic of the Peruvian coastal desert is low average temperatures despite its tropical latitudes. The Sechura Desert is in northern Peru. The best month to swim in the sea is in February when the average sea temperature is 23°C (73°F). While Quincemil has the highest precipitation of places in Peru with a weather station, climatologists say that the slopes of low mountains northwest of Quincemil in Manu National Park may receive more than 8,000 millimetres (310 in) of rain annually. The climate here is classified as Cfb by the Köppen-Geiger system. Elevations above sea level in the country range from −37 metres (−121 ft) to 6,788 metres (22,270 ft) and precipitation ranges from less than 20 millimetres (0.79 in) annually to more than 8,000 millimetres (310 in). In general the western slopes of the Andres, facing the Pacific Ocean, are drier than the eastern slopes. - 42.8ºF., with very cold and dry summers. Low Temp: 59 °F. [24] Lima, Peru: Annual Weather Averages February is the hottest month in Lima with an average temperature of 23.5°C (74°F) and the coldest is August at 17°C (63°F) with the most daily sunshine hours at 7 in April. It allows API clients to download millions of rows of historical data, to query our real-time economic calendar, subscribe to updates and receive quotes for currencies, commodities, stocks and bonds. Southward is the Peruvian coastal desert which becomes at an indefinite location the Atacama Desert which continues into Chile. 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